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European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97, Eur Neap 04 03 01: Staffing, Professional Education and Training Needs in Environmental Health Services for the Central Asian Republics

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000135740
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.9 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97, Eur Neap 04 03 01: Staffing, Professional Education and Training Needs in Environmental Health Services for the Central Asian Republics  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97, Eur Neap 04 03 01. Retrieved from http://www.worldebooklibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Dr Bagher Larigani, Iranian Undersecretary for Curative and Pharmaceutical Affairs, addressed the participants on behalf of the Minister of Health and Medical Education. Dr. Larigani stated that the clinical laboratory played a major role in the prevention, diagnosis anti monitoring of disease in all disciplines of medicine. Although there might be random cases where patients were treated successfully even though they were given erroneous rcsults, such errors could cnd in a fatal outcome. It was essential to combine the scientific knciwledge and expertise of the clinician with sound data from the clinical laboratory. Obsemations originating in physical examinations alonc could be quite subjective, so objective elements should always be included, provided that data made available from objective analysis wc:c reliable. Reliability implied two main concepts, he said: accuracy and precision. In the Islamic Republic of Iran laboratories had been monitoring the quality of their measurcmcnts in an ad hoc manner over the past 20 years or more. However, with the re-establishment of rhc National Reference Laboratory the implementation of quality control at different levsls of laboratory services had been achieved in a coordinated and systematic manner. The Wational Reference Laboratory was at the apex of the pyramid of bodies responsible for quality control of' the laboratories within the country, the biochemistry department being a WI10 Collaborating Centre for Quality Control in EMR countries. The Reference Laboratory liad established an intcmal quality control training programme for implemmtation of quality control in laboratories throughout the country with special emphasis on peripheral laboratories. External quality assurance started about 10 years ago, and at thc moment about 1000 laboratories were controlled in different disciplines, including clinical chemistry, bacteriology and haematology. In order to achieve better feedback from these programmcs. an evaluation scheme for the assessment of equipment and reagents before their distribution in the country had also bcerl cstablished.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS I . INTRODUCTION ...................... .. .............................................................................1. ... 2 . COUNTRY REPORTS ...................................................................................................3.. ..... 2.1 Afghanistan ........... .......................... ...............................................................3.. ... 2.2 Bahrain ................ .... ....................................................................................4.. ..... 2.3 Egypt .................................................................................................................5.. ........ 2.4 Islamic Republic of Iran ........................................................................................6.. .... 2.5 Morocco ............................................................................................................1.0.. ..... 2.6 Oman ................ ... .......................................................................................1..4.. 2.7 Pakistan ............ ... .......................................................................................I..5.. ... 2.8 Sudan .................... . .......................................................................................1.7.. ... 2.10 Tunlsla ............. ... ....................................................................................... 20 2.11 Republic of Yemen ............................................................................................2.1.. ... 2.12 Discussions ...................... ... .............. . 2 1 3 . PRESENTATIONS. .......................................................................................................2..2.. .. 3.1 Economic aspects of quality assurance. and cost effectiveness ..............................2..2 3.2 Quality management in medical laboratories ................. .. ...............................2..3 3.3 Standard operating procedures .................. .. .................................................... 24 . . 3.4 Quality assurance in virology ........................................................................2 5 3.5 External quality assessment schemes .... ............... .... . ....... .. 27 3.6 Statistical and nonstatistical internal quality control measures .................... . ...... 28 3.7 Quality assurance in bacteriology ........................... ... ....................................... 29 3.8 Evaluation of results and data handling ...............................................................3..0.. . 3.9 Quality manual ....................... .. ...................................................................3.2.. ... 3.10 Quality assurance in parasitology .................................................................3..3. .. 3.1 1 Self production of control materials .................................................................3..4.. .. 3.12 Self production of reagents ...............................................................................3..5.. .. . . 3.13 Reference methods ...................................... 36 3.14 Quality assurance in pre-analytical phase ............................................................3.7.. 3.15 Quality assurance in the post-analytical phase ..................................................3..8 3.16 Quality assurance of measuring instruments and devices .................................... 39 3.17 Traceablllty ...........................................................................................................4 0 3.18 Interference and interfering factors ....................................................................4..1.. . 3.19 Quality assurance in dry chemistry .....................................................................4..3.. 3.20 Quality assurance in blood glucose monitoring .....................................

 

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