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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1990; Volume 68, Number 2, Year 1990 68 (2), Pages 193-197: Oral Rehydration Therapy in Malawi ; Impact on the Severity of Disease and on Hospital Admissions, Treatment Practices, and Recurrent Costs

By D. L. Heyrnann

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Book Id: WPLBN0000107672
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.3 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1990; Volume 68, Number 2, Year 1990 68 (2), Pages 193-197: Oral Rehydration Therapy in Malawi ; Impact on the Severity of Disease and on Hospital Admissions, Treatment Practices, and Recurrent Costs  
Author: D. L. Heyrnann
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

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Heymann, Dr, D. L. (n.d.). Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1990; Volume 68, Number 2, Year 1990 68 (2), Pages 193-197. Retrieved from http://www.worldebooklibrary.net/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Intersectoral action is an essential component in the process of achieving health for all. The European regional strategy for health for all adopted by the thirtieth sess.ion of the Regional Committee for Europe in 1980 recognized that it was impossible for countries to solve the health problems facing them through action within the health sector alone. In the target book describing the 38 specific regional targets thae have been endorsed by the European Region, the prerequisites for health are described as being peace and social justice, food and water, education and decent housing, and a useful role and a reasonable income For all in society. The securing of these prerequisites presupposes intersectoral action. A number of the targets themselves refer directly to intersectoral action, while the outlines of the steps to be taken to achieve other targets include similar suggestions. The importance of intersectoral action was emphasized in the technical discussions at the Thirty-ninth World Wealth Assembly and in the Ottawa charter on the basic prerequisites for health promotion. Despite this widespread consensus on the importance of intersectoral action, there is still relatively little understanding of how best to implement it. Challenges chat need to be overcome include competition for renources and power, lack of understanding of other groups' vested interests, minimal horizontal thinking on management processes, and the ~erceived need for short-term political gain as opposed to long-term social benefit. To help further progress, the Working Group on Intersectoral Action: Practical Argumentation and Mechanisms was held in Utrecht, Netherlands, from 30 November to 2 December 1988. The Working Group was organized by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in collaboration with the Ministry for Welfare, Health and Cultural Affairs of the Netherlands.

Table of Contents
Contents Introduction . Organization a. nd. s.tr.uc.tu.re. o.f .th.e .me.et.in.g . .......... 2I Presentations to the meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Opening addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Mechanisms for intersectoral cooperation . 4 Intersectoral negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Accident prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 The case of tobacco . . . . . . . . . 9 Working group discussions . . . . . . . . . 10 Strategies and tactics groups . . . . . . . . . 10 Tobacco group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Accidents group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Strategy is for all . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Flexibility and opportunism . . . . . . . . . . 14 Differences in organizationallgroup culture . . 14 Language and metaphor . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Comnication and dissemination of information 15 Mechanisms. strategy and tactics . . . . . . . 15 Opportunities for international cooperation . . 16 Setting goals and targets . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Equal partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Mechanisms for intersectoral action . . . 17 Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Annex 1 . Working papers and background documents . 19 Annex 2 . Participants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

 

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