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Biodegradation of Selected Phenolic Compounds in a Simulated Sandy...

By: Lin, Chen Hsin, 1953

Includes bibliographical references and index

Plants

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Binding of Estrogenic Compounds to Recombinant Estrogen Receptor- ...

By: Arnaud Pillon

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Estrogenic activity in environmental samples could be mediated through a wide variety of compounds and by various mechanisms. High-affinity compounds for estrogen receptors (ERs), such as natural or synthetic estrogens, as well as low-affinity compounds such as alkylphenols, phthalates, and polychlorinated biphenyls are present in water and sediment samples. Furthermore, compounds such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which do not bind ERs, modulate estrogen...

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Urinary Concentrations of Bisphenol a and 4-Nonylphenol in a Human...

By: Antonia M. Calafat

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Bisphenol A (BPA) is used to manufacture polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, which are used in baby bottles, as protective coatings on food containers, and for composites and sealants in dentistry. 4-Nonylphenol (NP) is used to make nonylphenol ethoxylates, nonionic surfactants applied as emulsifying, wetting, dispersing, or stabilizing agents in industrial, agricultural, and domestic consumer products. The potential for human exposure to BPA and NP is high ...

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Research Plan for Endocrine Disruptors

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: The Strategic Research Plan for Endocrine Disruptors, one in a series ofresearch plans produced by EPA?s Office of Research and Development (ORD),identifies and describes one of EPA?s high-priority research topics. This research topic was selected in accord with the ORD Strategic Plan, which identifies thefollowing as high-priority research areas for EPA: C broad-based fundamental research to improve human health andecosystem risk assessment, pollution preventio...

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Qea Quantitative Environmental Analysis, Llc

By: John G. Haggard

Excerpt: List of Tables Table 3-1. 2002/2003 SSAP summary of number of GEHR8082 sediment sample extracts selected for GEHR680 analysis. Table 3-2. 2002/2003 SSAP number of GEHR8082 extracts selected for GEHR680 analysis by lab and GEHR8082 Total PCB concentration range. Table 3-3. 2003 PE submission schedule. Table 3-4. Number of samples in Candidate Phase 1 Areas selected for full data validation by lab and parameter. Table 3-5. Split samples collected by USEPA in Candi...

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Toxicological Review of Barium and Compounds

By: Harlal Choudhury

Excerpt: This document and summary information on IRIS have received peer review both by EPA scientists and by independent scientists external to EPA. Subsequent to external review and incorporation of comments, this assessment has undergone an Agencywide review process whereby the IRIS Program Manager has achieved a consensus approval among the Office of Research and Development; Office of Air and Radiation; Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances; Office...

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Toxicological Review of Naphthalene

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: FOREWORD: The purpose of this Toxicological Review is to provide scientific support and rationale for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to naphthalene. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of naphthalene. In Section 6, EPA has characterized its overall confidence in the quantitative and qualitative aspects of hazard and dose response. Matters considered in this char...

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Toxicological Review of Chloroform

By: Penelope Fenner Crisp, Ph. D.

Excerpt: In October 1999 the Chloroform Risk Assessment Review Subcommittee of the Science Advisory Board met to consider the Office of Science and Technology health assessment of chloroform. Summaries of the major parts of the subcommittee’s advice and our responses follow. The documents reviewed were a final hazard and dose-response characterization document and a draft mode-of-action framework analysis. 1. The subcommittee agreed with EPA that sustained or repeated cy...

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Public Health Gis News and Information

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: A. General News and Training Opportunities: 1. Editor: In case you missed it, the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) Winter Meeting was held in Washington, DC, February 10-11, 2005. It was officially a ?Congressional Breakfast?, conducted in the Hart Senate Office Building, and provided a timely forum for UCGIS presentations to interested congressional staffers. It included the following presentations: ?West Nile Virus: Eco-epidemio...

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Toxicological Review of 1,1-Dichloroethylene

By: Robert Benson

Excerpt: The purpose of this Toxicological Review is to provide scientific support and rationale for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to 1,1- dichloroethylene. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of 1,1-dichloroethylene. In Section 6, EPA has characterized its overall confidence in the quantitative and qualitative aspects of hazard and dose response. Matters considered in ...

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Basic Principles of Toxicology

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Toxicology: The study of the adverse effects of a toxicant on living organisms. Toxicology is an applied science that incorporates biology, chemistry, physiology, pathology, physics, statistics, and sometimes immunology or ecology to help solve problems in forensic medicine, clinical treatments, pharmacy and pharmacology, public health, industrial hygiene, veterinary science, agriculture, and more, as well as giving basic insight into how an organism functions. ...

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Application of Risk Analysis Principles to the Meat Sector

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Food hygiene is defined as ?all conditions and measures necessary to ensure the safety and suitability of food at all stages of the food chain? (FAO/WHO, 1999a). In the practical world of meat hygiene, this will require contributions from a range of stakeholders, including industry and government. Meat hygiene is a demanding science and must deal with different classes of hazards. Chemical hazards entering the food chain at the level of primary production includ...

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Spheres of Influence the Nexttarget Ofbioterrorism

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: When someone cultivates pathogenic bacteria, fungi, viruses, or certain chemical compounds specifically to kill people or transmit disease, thats biological warfare. A lesserknown form of biological warfare targets major food crops instead of people, and carries the potential to wreak environmental health havoc. After health care, agriculture has been the largest market to benefit from genomic research and biotechnology. But while the ability to diagnose plant d...

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World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 199...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Musculoskeletal disorders encompass a broad spectrum of conditions of multifactorial origin and very different clinical appearance. Connective tissues are primarily affected in osteoporosis and joint diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, which cause severe long-term pain and physical disability and give rise to heavy costs to society. Many of the major connective tissue diseases involve inflammatory mechanisms. Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and sys...

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World Health Organization : Year 2005 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. | INTRODUCTION Herbal and other traditional pharmacologic therapies are in widespread use throughout the world. Such widespread use suggests, but does not assure, that traditional medicines have a favourable risk-benefit ratio. Rather, traditional medicines may be regarded as a rich source of potentially attractive therapies. The actual benefits and risks remain to be evaluated by clinical trials supported and conducted according to the principles of modern clinical science.

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Recruitment, Retention, And Compliance Results from a Probability ...

By: John L. Adgate

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The School Health Initiative: Environment, Learning, and Disease (SHIELD) study used a probability sample of children (second through fifth grades) from two low-income and racially mixed neighborhoods of Minneapolis, Minnesota, to assess childhood environmental health. Children were eligible to participate in SHIELD regardless of whether they or their families spoke a foreign language, their household had a telephone, or they were enrolled in a special education...

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Quality Management Program Plan for Region 10

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Environmental data collection activities include any laboratory or field data generation activity or investigation involving the determination of biological, chemical, or physical factors related to the environment. Some examples are: determining the presence or absence of pollutants in waste streams; health and ecological effect studies; clinical and epidemiological investigations; engineering and process evaluations; studies or measurements of pollution transport, etc.

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World Health Organization ; World Health Organization Offeset Publ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Contributors Mr J. Carlson, Research Hydraulic Engineer, US Department of the Interior, Engineering and Research Center, Colorado, USA. Mr J. de Araoz, Consultant Engineer, London, UK. Dr F.E. Gartrell, Consulting ~n~ineerJ,ac kson, Mississippi, USA. Dr A.D. Hess, Department of Microbiology, Colorado State University, USA. Dr C.W. Krus6, Department of Environmental Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. Mr C. Kuo, Sanita...

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Biohealth Link : Questions of Cancer

By: John Groopman, Ph. D.

Excerpt: The dialogue established at the Summer Institute continues throughout the school year, as participants link electronically to an array of resources at the EnviroHealth Web site. There, teachers can receive important news updates from the environmental health field and receive timely feedback and additional classroom activities and projects from their fellow participants, access environmental health/cancer lesson plans, engage their students in two interactive We...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 778: Heal...

By: A. Cairncross

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION A WHO Scientific Group on Health Aspects of Use of Treated Wastewater for Agriculture and Aquaculture met in Geneva from 18 to 23 November 1987. Dr W. Kreisel, Director, Division of Environmental Health, opened the meeting and welcomed participants on behalf of the Director-General. He emphasized the need to ensure, on the one hand, that appropriate controls are incorporated in schemes for wastewater use to protect both the environment and public health a...

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