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Proposed Session Topics

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Green Chemistry and Engineering Metrics Industrial Sustainability Industrial Success Stories Nanotech and the Environment Technologies for a Sustainable Environment The International Green Chemistry Community Green Education Catalysis in Water Industrial Chemistry in Water Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis Biocatalysis in Ionic Liquids Green Synthesis The Role of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Solvent Selection Non-Covalent Derivatization Alternative Synthesis...

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Toxics Release Inventory List of Toxic Chemicals Within the Water ...

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA) requires certain facilities manufacturing, processing, or otherwise using listed toxic chemicals to report their environmental releases of such chemicals annually. Beginning with the 1991 reporting year, such facilities also must report pollution prevention and recycling data for such chemicals, pursuant to section 6607 of the Pollution Prevention Act, 42 U.S.C. 13106. When ena...

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Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning : Maintaining Natural Life ...

By: Shahid Naeem

Excerpt: Critical processes at the ecosystem level influence plant productivity, soil fertility, water quality, atmospheric chemistry, and many other local and global environmental conditions that ultimately affect human welfare. These ecosystem processes are controlled by both the diversity and identity of the plant, animal, and microbial species living within a community. Human modifications to the living community in an ecosystem – as well as to the collective biodive...

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Nanotechnology and Sustainability

By: Barbara Karn

Excerpt: Nanotechnology is…StructureAbility to control or manipulateon the atomic scale.Novel propertiesCreating and using structures, devices and systems that have novel properties and functionsbecause of their small and/or intermediate size.the ability to work at the molecular level, atom-by-atom, to create large structures with fundamentally new molecular organization.

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Biotechnology for High School Science Teachers

By: Mary O. Dereski, Ph. D.

Excerpt: Biotechnology is defined as “the commercial application of living organisms or their products, which involves the deliberate manipulation of their DNA molecules”. It is a term that few people had heard of ten years ago. Most biotechnology (Molecular Biology, Biochemical Engineering, Biochemistry, and Genetics) teaching takes place in upper-level undergraduate and graduate Molecular Biology courses or research laboratories. However, today it is a rapidly growing ...

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A Pilot Study for Near Real-Time Aerosol Modeling and Air Quality ...

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Partner with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for technology transfer in the area of grid-based photochemical modeling -- Apply and evaluate the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) stateof- science photochemical modeling system on an ongoing basis with special emphasis on PM2.5 predictions -- Assess the potential usefulness of grid-based photochemical models to provide air quality f...

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Managing Manure Nutrients at Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation...

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: DISCLAIMER: This is a guidance manual and is not a regulation. It does not change or substitute for any legal requirements. While EPA has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of the discussion in this guidance, the obligations of the regulated community are determined by the relevant statutes, regulations, or other legally binding requirements. This guidance manual is not a rule, is not legally enforceable, and does not confer legal rights or impose legal ob...

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Formation Mechanisms for Secondary Organic Aerosol in Ambient Air

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Abstract. An integrated laboratory and field research program is underway at the National Exposure Research Laboratory to characterize organic carbon in PM2.5 formed through chemical reactions. Information from this study will provide critical data needed to improve the treatment of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation in the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model. In the laboratory portion, SOA-producing hydrocarbon precursors are irradiated in a sm...

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Built Environment; Healthy Communities, Healthy Homes, Healthy People

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: The built environment— human-modified places such as homes, schools, workplaces, parks, industrial areas, farms, roads and highways—is our most important habitat, since 80% of North Americans live in towns and cities and spend 90% of their time indoors (Hancock, 2002). To date, much of the discussion on the built environment has focused on the challenges of providing adequate transportation (roads, highways, infrastructure, public transportation), on issues rela...

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What You Need to Know about Mercuryin Fish and Shellfish

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Fish and shellfish are an important part of a healthy diet. Fish and shellfish contain high-quality protein and other essential nutrients, are low in saturated fat, and contain omega-3 fatty acids. A well-balanced diet that includes a variety of fish and shellfish can contribute to heart health and children’s proper growth and development. So, women and young children in particular should include fish or shellfish in their diets due to the many nutritional benefits.

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Formation Mechanisms for Secondary Organic Aerosol in Ambient Air

By: Tadeusz Kleindienst

Excerpt: An integrated laboratory and field research program is underway at the NERL to characterize organic carbon in PM. The portion of the organic component under study is referred to as secondary organic aerosol (SOA), which is formed through chemical reactions in the atmosphere. Information from this study will provide critical data needed to improve the treatment of SOA formation in the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model. Model predictions of the current...

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Basic Principles of Toxicology

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Toxicology: The study of the adverse effects of a toxicant on living organisms. Toxicology is an applied science that incorporates biology, chemistry, physiology, pathology, physics, statistics, and sometimes immunology or ecology to help solve problems in forensic medicine, clinical treatments, pharmacy and pharmacology, public health, industrial hygiene, veterinary science, agriculture, and more, as well as giving basic insight into how an organism functions. ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1995 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Marlin Friesen

Medical Reference Publication

The contamination of food by chemical hazards is a world-wide public health problem. Contamination may occur through environmental pollution of the air, water and soil, such as the case with heavy metals and certain organochlorine compounds, or through the intentional use of various chemicals, such as pesticides, veterinary drugs and other agrochemicals. Improper use of food additives and contaminants resulting from food manufacturing and processing can also adversely af...

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Computer Circuits, Corp.

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: The Computer Circuits site consists of a one story building, approximately 0.4 acres in size, located on a 1.7 acre lot in an industrial/commercial area of Hauppauge, Suffolk County, New York. It is bordered by Marcus Boulevard to the west and other commercial businesses to the north, south, and east. From 1969 to 1991, the property was owned by MCS Realty, who leased the property to various companies; from 1991 to the present, the property has been owned by 145...

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Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy Draft Report for External R...

By: Battelle

Excerpt: This report was prepared under contract to an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any of its employees, contractors, subcontractors, or their employees makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability of responsibility for any third party s use of the results of or the results of such use of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use by ...

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Coal Mining Facilities

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: This document includes examples of chemical management activities that coal mining facilities may conduct, illustrating how these activities should be considered for EPCRA Section 313 reporting purposes. This chapter also notes area where potential errors in reporting might be encountered generally by coal mining facilities, which are based on information from written comments received from industry representatives, as well as from comments made by participants ...

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Npdes Multi-Sector General Permits for Storm Water Discharges Asso...

By: Kathleen C. Callahan

Excerpt: 1. Coverage Under This Permit 1.1 Permit Area 1.2 Eligibility 1.3 How to Obtain Authorization Under This Permit 1.4 Terminating Coverage 1.5 Conditional Exclusion for No Exposure 2. Notice of Intent Requirements 2.1 Notice of Intent (NOI) Deadlines 2.2 Contents of Notice of Intent (NOI) 2.3 Use of NOI Form 2.4 Where to Submit 2.5 Additional Notification 3. Special Conditions 3.1 Hazardous Substances or Oil 3.2 Additional Requirements for Salt Storage 3.3 Dischar...

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Ciba-Geigy Corp.

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Site Description The Ciba-Geigy Chemical Corporation site in Toms River, Dover Township, New Jersey, is presently owned and operated by the Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation (Ciba) which was formerly the Ciba-Geigy Chemical Corporation (Ciba-Geigy). The site encompasses approximately 1,400 acres, 320 of which are developed, with the remainder consisting of cleared areas, pine barrens and wetlands. From 1952 to 1990, Ciba-Geigy manufactured dyes, pigments, res...

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Monitored Natural Attenuation of Mtbe as a Risk Management Option ...

By: Stephen G. Schmelling

Excerpt: The National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) is the Agency’s center for investigation of technological and management approaches for preventing and reducing risks from pollution that threatens human health and the environment. The focus of the Laboratory’s research program is on methods and their cost-effectiveness for prevention and control of pollution to air, land, water, and subsurface resources; protection of water quality in public water system...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization,...

By: H. Galal Gorchev

Medical Reference Publication

Chemicals have become an indispensable part of our life, sustaining many of our activities, preventing and controlling many diseases and increasing agricultural productivity. The benefits are incalculable, but, on the other hand, chemicals may endanger our health and poison our environment. The nature, number and quantities of chemicals used in countries vary widely according to factors such as the national economy, its industries and agriculture. Thousands of chemicals ...

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